Because the early 1980s, Mercedes-Benz has introduced fascinating research automobiles to observe however, at the similar time, Mercedes has innovated in the improvement of latest strategies of safety and energy of automobiles. The range of progressive solutions present in these analysis automobiles, from the C111 to the F 125 !, provides us insight into the foresight that Mercedes-Benz engineers are capable of develop.
We compiled an inventory of the top 15 research What are probably the most progressive automobiles in the last 30 years?
Mercedes-Benz C 111:
In Frankfurt The Worldwide Auto Show of September 1969, Mercedes-Benz presents the C 111 The entire world is lining as much as see this "check lab on wheels" with its wedge-shaped body and its butterfly doorways opening up. The color, metallic orange, initially described as 'rosé wine', additionally attracted consideration. The technical innovations have been less exceptional, but no much less unusual. The bodywork was manufactured from fiberglass-reinforced plastic and was riveted and glued to the floor-floor unit.
Mercedes-Benz Auto 2000:  Within the late 1970s, the German Federal Ministry of Research and Know-how launched the Auto 2000 undertaking, involving a number of automotive manufacturers. The gasoline consumption shouldn’t exceed eleven liters per 100 km for a car weighing as much as 2,150 kilograms – a very formidable aim on the time – and 9.5 liters per yr for automobiles of 1 250 to 1,700 kilograms. 100 km.
The Auto 2000, introduced for the primary time to the public on the Frankfurt International Motor Present in 1981, was to accommodate four individuals. Its bodywork was optimized from the aerodynamic perspective and had a very low drag coefficient (Cd) of zero.28. Three totally different engine concepts have been tested on this car. An automated cylinder cut-off system was created in a 3.8-liter V8 petrol engine. When low power consumption was required, 4 of the eight combustion chambers have been briefly shut down. At this time, this function is present in several large-displacement gasoline engines built by Mercedes-Benz. The 3.Three-liter diesel engine tested in the Auto 2000 had an exemplary acceleration power because of its six-cylinder and two turbochargers; it provided a superb range of seven.5 liters per 100 kilometers at a velocity of 120 km / h.
Mercedes-Benz short-distance car NAFA:
The crowded streets, the shortage of parking spaces and the lengthy backs have raised new questions within the research on motor automobiles. Mercedes-Benz replied in 1981 with an idea research entitled "Nahverkehrsfahrzeug" or NAFA for short-haul automobiles. With a complete size of two.50 meters and a total peak and width of 1.50 meters, the revolutionary twin engine contradicts all that the corporate was purported to symbolize up to now.
The NAFA research has not fallen into oblivion. The knowledge thus produced was integrated into the design of the Mercedes-Benz Class A, whose prototype debuted in 1996. In the sensible metropolis coupe, introduced in 1997, the concept of the compact city automotive celebrated its rise. . It has been manufactured in giant numbers since.
Daimler-Benz has deliberately chosen the International Auto Present of the l 39; ;North America. in Detroit in 1991 – the primary massive present of the yr – to current a very particular vehicle: the Mercedes-Benz F 100. This analysis automotive has concretized the imaginative and prescient of engineers and market strategists for the car of the longer term. By no means before have so many revolutionary concepts and technologies been realized in a totally operational automotive.
Within the F100, the driving force sat within the middle. Statistically, a automotive is occupied by 1.2 to 1.7 individuals – driver included. The driving force subsequently deserves the most secure place, it’s the central place, with its great distances from elements of the bodywork. In addition, the driving force can all the time get out of the automotive on the visitors aspect.
With all its qualities, the Mercedes-Benz F 100 was not just a check mule for engineers, it was a brand new sort of automotive. He envisioned the way forward for mobility, which has turn into a reality because the automotive debuted in 1991. At the similar time, he emphasised the truth that the client is on the middle of technical progress when designing a automotive. A analysis car.
In Group C, through the 1990 racing season, Mercedes-Benz, in cooperation with the Swiss staff Sauber, line up the C 11. The automotive proved to be a terrific success and the workforce was topped world champion at the finish of the season. This triumph was an inspiration for Mercedes-Benz engineers. Seeking a option to check lively dynamic handling methods for production automobiles, they imagined the C 112, a high-performance sports automotive. It was powered by a six-liter V12 engine producing 300 kW (408 hp) and producing a torque of 580 Newton meters on the crankshaft. The problem was to push the bodily limits whereas transferring this performance to the street and respecting the very best ranges of lively security.
The C 112 was the first car because the C 111 to be outfitted with butterfly doors. Because the 1950s, they have been a logo of Mercedes-Benz sports automobiles. The 300 SL coupe (W 194/198 collection from 1952 and 1954 respectively) was the first to personal one – a automotive whose technical qualities made the distinction. The C 112, with its streamlined physique, followed go well with
The C 112 was also the first automotive to offer an lively suspension referred to as Lively Body Management (ABC). Each wheel is provided with a mixture of a spring and a hydraulic servo cylinder. The sensors detect all car actions – vertical movement, roll and pitch. To remove unwanted movement, computers evaluate the info and management the lively suspension parts accordingly. The end result: secure and unprecedented handling.
Mercedes-Benz Vario Analysis Automotive:
The Mercedes-Benz Vario Analysis Automotive is admittedly 4 automobiles in one – Variability was on the heart of the design of the Vario analysis automotive (VRC) of Mercedes-Benz, a automotive that sparked a keen interest in its first presentation at the Geneva Motor Show in 1995. In simply minutes, the HRV might be reworked in a unique automotive.
For on a regular basis driving, it's a sedan. For longer journeys, the load capability of a station wagon is obtainable. In summer time, the sun invitations you to take an open-air experience in a convertible. And for heavy masses, there’s the pickup with its open cargo area.
It has a one-piece body consisting of a roof, aspect walls and a rear half; the body may be raised and exchanged for an additional variant. Some simple operations take only 15 minutes. The Vario research automotive was a imaginative and prescient: clients would not own the our bodies, however would go to a rental station. While consuming espresso, service technicians exchanged the body. A couple of minutes later, the client can be on the street once more. The driving force might determine the period of use of a specific physique variant, as a result of the rental system can be as flexible because the automotive itself.
Mercedes-Benz F200 Imagination:
The Mercedes-Benz F 200 Imagination, introduced at the 1996 Paris Motor Present in Paris, was created to check new ergonomic efficiency concepts based mostly on drive-by-wire know-how, the design of the cockpit. It was powered by a four-stroke, 12-cylinder, six-liter, 290 kW (394 hp), four-stroke spark-ignition engine, powered on the rear with electronically managed five-speed automated transmission.
Small joysticks in the doorways and middle console for steering and braking – exchange the steering wheel. The alerts are solely transmitted electronically to the corresponding elements (drive-by-wire). Typical mechanical management parts utilized by the driving force at the moment are linked to electrical and hydraulic actuators, and digital pulses perform the desired actions.
Mercedes-Benz Life F300 F300
Tips on how to mix the dynamics of the sensations and turns of a motorbike with the security and the comfort of a automotive? This is the question behind the design that ultimately turned generally known as the F300 Life Jet. Motorcyclists reap the benefits of the freedom provided by their automobiles, they’re able to bend round corners, to really feel the facility of the engine, to do only one with the elements and to experience the boundless pleasure of the street. These are all issues that the designers and engineers of the F 300 Life Jet have strived to convey with their idea. Equally essential, it has additionally been designed to offer the identical advantages as the automotive: three-wheel stability as an alternative of two. The highest could be closed and seat belts are offered. The driving expertise might be shared with a second individual inside the car, with none discomfort for protecting clothes, helmet and wind noise. And the air con guarantees pleasant temperatures.
Mercedes-Benz F400 Sculpture:
The F400 Sculpture, named after the sporting sculptors who apply ski-slope skiing, debuted on the Salon of the Tokyo vehicle in 2001 and was created in an effort to check new dynamic handling methods. This has led to probably the most excellent function of the Mercedes F400 Carving, the tilting of its wheels. In bends, the wheels on the surface of the curve tilt up to 20 levels, which considerably improves directional stability and handling, while decreasing the danger of skidding. The electronics has been combined with mechanics to realize this objective. Sensors measure street velocity, acceleration, steering lock and yaw movement of the automotive, and send management alerts to the hydraulic servo-cylinders of the outer wheels, tilting them to a exactly outlined angle . The sidewalk wheels, just like the bodywork, remain of their regular place.
Mercedes-Benz F500 Mind:
Introduced at the 2003 Tokyo Motor Present, the Mercedes-Benz F500 Thoughts has confirmed that the future of the automotive business will never be more exciting. The four-door automotive, designed as a contemporary hatchback sedan, served as a wheeled research laboratory and featured greater than a dozen technical ideas to enhance the security, propulsion and luxury of future passenger automobiles. Mercedes-Benz tourism.
designed to use totally different propulsive energies. If a terrific want for energy is needed, a 184 kW (250 hp) V8 diesel engine drives the F 500 Thoughts – and simultaneously fees the batteries, as the automotive can also be outfitted with a 50 kW electric motor that runs alone or jointly. with the interior combustion engine. An digital management unit that adapts to the visitors state of affairs and driving fashion perfectly coordinates the engine and the engine.
The electrical motor, for instance, powers the automotive on start-up, in visitors jams and in different situations the place the interior combustion engine, by advantage of its design rules, doesn’t develop an optimum output. If the driving force requires greater engine power, the V8 engine intervenes to offer dynamic acceleration. The 300-volt electric drive battery, situated underneath the cockpit, is recharged throughout braking. Up to 20% gasoline financial system.
Bionic Automotive of Mercedes-Benz:
For the first time, engineers have for a task mannequin in nature, one that lends itself to an aerodynamically efficient, protected, snug and environmentally pleasant vehicle – not only in its details, but in addition in its general form and structure. Their research led them to the box fish.
This fish, which lives in tropical waters, has wonderful hydrodynamic properties, despite its angular, cube-like physique. Its form is aerodynamically best. The engineers measured a drag coefficient (Cd) as little as 0.06 on a mannequin representing a trustworthy copy of the physique of the trunk fish.
Along with the utmost aerodynamic efficiency and lightness of idea, the superior widespread rail direct injection (103 kW / 140 hp) turbodiesel engine and the brand new selective catalytic reduction (SCR) know-how contribute significantly vital discount in gasoline consumption and pollutant emissions. Within the EU driving cycle, the concept automotive consumes four.Three liters of gasoline per 100 km, or 20% less than a comparable production model. In accordance with the American Measurement Methodology (FTP 75), the automotive performs about 70 km / gallon (mixed), or 30% more than a serial automotive. At a continuing velocity of 90 km / h (55 mph), the direct injection engine consumes 2.Eight liters of diesel per 100 km, which corresponds to 84 miles per gallon within the US check cycle.
Mercedes-Benz F600 Hygenius:
The Mercedes-Benz F 600 HYGENIUS continues the collection of fascinating and revolutionary research automobiles. Powered by a zero-emission 85 kW (115 hp) gasoline cell, the compact family automotive consumes solely 2.9 liters per 100 kilometers and has a variety of over 400 kilometers with a tank full of hydrogen.  The utterly reworked gasoline cell of the F 600 HYGENIUS is about 40% smaller than before, works even more effectively and is outstanding for its good chilly start. The continual output power of the gasoline cell drive is 60 kW (82 hp). The power not wanted to drive the automotive is stored in a high-performance lithium-ion battery. The system subsequently features more like a hybrid drive and selects the power source greatest suited to the driving state of affairs. The beneficiant amount of power offered by the gasoline cell can be used for the well-being of F 600HYGENIUS passengers. Cup holders, for example, cool or warmth beverages with electricity generated by the ecological unit. By way of a standard energy outlet, electrical home equipment can operate at normal voltage. If needed, the gasoline cell may also perform as a cellular power station: its electrical energy of 66 kW is enough to provide a number of individual houses with electricity.