For those who uncover the Anunnaki, you’ll hear rather a lot about two names: Enki and Enlil. Though the Anunnaki myths and legends have numerous "central characters," the motion revolves round these two sibling rivals.
On this article I provides you with an intensive course on the mythology of Enki and Enlil. However this can be a complicated topic and I don’t need to return with out laying the groundwork. So listed here are the fundamentals, simply in case you study all concerning the Anunnaki.
Once we speak concerning the Anunnaki, we’re referring to the traditional gods of Mesopotamia. However in accordance with what you ask, the Anunnaki may be extraterrestrial guests to a planet referred to as Nibiru, which is in an extended orbit across the solar.
Naturally, the idea of alien area doesn’t unanimity, however it has been popularized. Zecharia Sitchin, American author of Russian origin. Since he has introduced his concepts to the world, they’ve turn out to be an inescapable component of in style tradition.
I’ll speak extra about Sitchin and his concepts later, however I need to return to Sumerian mythology first. I’ll introduce you to Enki and Enlil and their place within the Mesopotamian pantheon, then I’ll inform you how they determine within the legend of the floods. I’ll describe how they impressed different mythologies and religions, together with Christianity.
The Sumerian Pantheon and the Fantasy of Creation
Like many different polytheistic religions, the Sumerian pantheon is made up of the next: quite a lot of gods associated to one another.
is simpler to explain the form of this household tree beginning with Anu. Anu is also referred to as "An", the grandfather of heaven. He’s the unique supreme deity of the pantheon, lord of all different gods. He loses this place because the Sumerian story unfolds, transmitting it to Enlil after which to Marduk (in Babylonian custom).
You’ll discover that Anu is just not the primary god of the household tree.
His mother and father are two primordial Gods, Anshar and Kishar. In case you are versed in Greek mythology, you could assume that these primordial gods are a bit just like the titans that preceded the traditional Greek gods. After the Greek gods had overthrown the titans, the significance of the titans fell into the background with regard to the which means of the gods (usually).
The identical is true right here: the primordial gods enter into the parable of the creation of the Sumerians, however are much less essential later.
Again to Anu, Anu's two wives are Antu, the Nice Mom of Heaven and Ki, the Mom Earth. Each gave him youngsters.
- Ki gave delivery to Enlil, lord of the air and earth, keeper of the pill of destinies (for starters), and Nin-khursag, woman of the mountain.
- The kid of Antu was Enki, Lord of the Earth and Waters, also referred to as "Ea".
As you possibly can see, Enlil and Enki are half-brothers. After his delivery, Enlil separated the earth from the sky. At the moment, he and Ki took command of the Earth whereas Anu continued to reign within the sky.
What’s the pill of destinies?
I’ve simply talked about Enlil because the "keeper of the future pill". It’s a mythological object of the utmost significance. It’s actually purported to be an engraved clay pill of wedge-shaped shade. Whichever god possessed him, he was thought-about the ruler of the universe.
Word that "Future Pill" is the right identify of this object. Individuals are typically fallacious. You’ll be able to see it incorrectly referred to as "Tablets of Destiny". This can be a singular object. I’ve additionally seen it beneath the identify "Desk of Future". I do not know what's happening in there.
In any case, in response to many texts, Enlil would have lengthy been in possession of the pill. supreme ruler of the universe, even exceeding Anu. There’s nevertheless a Sumerian poem entitled "Ninurta and the Turtle" which mentions that Enki possessed the pill.
The pill modifications arms a number of occasions, relying on the textual content you learn. At one level, Tiamat, the dragon queen (in search of her on the prime of the household tree), owns it. She provides it to his spouse Kingu, who turns into the commander of his military. Marduk, Enki's son, defeats Tiamat in singular fight, then defeats Kingu, claiming the pill and his authority. At this level, Marduk turns into the supreme ruler.
Simply to complicate issues, this entire story with Marduk solely seems within the Babylonian model of the parable. Within the Sumerian model, Enlil beats Tiamat and reigns supreme.
Genesis of the Flood Fable
Sure, I’ve intentionally titled this part "Genesis of the Flood Fable" – not "The Flood Fable of the Genesis". For those who learn one thing about Anunnaki within the Bible, you in all probability knew it was going to maneuver to that. That is the place most of the Anunnaki tales converge. And as you might have additionally guessed, Enki and Enlil are important gamers.
Many individuals know the parable of the Flood within the Bible. That is the story of Noah's Ark. Briefly, Yahweh was uninterested in the sins of humanity. Particularly, he was sad with the corruption of humanity by beings referred to as "Nephilim". Think about this passage from the E-book of Jubilees, 7: 21-25:
"21 Due to these three issues, the flood came across the earth, specifically, due to the fornication during which the Watchers towards the regulation of their ordinances prostituted themselves after the daughters of males, and took the wives of all that that they had chosen: they usually made the start of the impurity. "
It’s pretty straightforward to equate the" observers "or" Nephilim "with the Anunnaki
I urge you to learn this topic intimately in my article" Who have been the Nephilim? ". science and know-how to humanity, however did it to enslave and corrupt them.A miscegenation ensued, leading to a race of demi-gods.
Yahweh selected all the things erase and begin yet again.
So he urged Noah to construct an excellent ark. "Noah charged the ark of two of every animal and put his household on board." The Flood destroyed all animal and human life. outdoors the Ark, in addition to (presumably) fallen angels and Nephilim, Noah's household was capable of repopulate the land after his touchdown, God put a rainbow within the sky as a promise He didn’t would by no means decide the earth once more with one other flood.
The Sumerian model:
The parable of the Sumerian flood is older than that of Genesis, which is why I’ve asserted with my title that Sumerian historical past is the genesis of the biblical deluge fable. This conviction is shared by many researchers. It’s believed that quite a lot of historic historic Hebrews have been truly inhabitants of Mesopotamia.
This may have allowed them to understand Sumerian myths and legends and use them as a foundation for their very own faith.
a lot of Sumerian texts that exhibit nice flooding in a single type or one other. The oldest recognized instance is within the epic of Ziusudra. Others embrace the epic of Atrahasis and the well-known epic of Gilgamesh.
The epic of Gilgamesh is the story that the majority intently resembles the newest model of Genesis introduced within the Bible. Apparently, it doesn’t seem to have been included initially in tablets; It was later revealed within the XI pill by an individual impressed by the epic Astrahasis.
I’ll inform you extra about Gilgamesh, however I want to converse briefly concerning the genesis Eridu.
The genesis Eridu was found on a fragmentary pill by the historian Thorkild Jacobsen. That is how we discovered the parable of Sumerian creation, which I’ve already shared partially with you.
Because the tablets are fragmentary, there are lacking fragments of historical past. At first we discover that Anu, Enlil, Enki and Nin-Khursag created human beings.
Cities have been based and life is booming.
lacking part. Following this, we uncover that a main damaging flood is about to reach and the pantheon has determined to not warn humanity nor to do something to save lots of them.
Enki decides that that is mistaken, so he warns a hero. and advised him that he ought to construct an ark. In Genesis Eridu, this hero is Atra-hasis. Within the extra well-known epic of Gilgamesh, it’s Utnapishtim.
It’s apparent that the Enlil and Enki tales are deeply rooted within the material of Sumerian legends. These two individuals performed a task in many various points of the parable. I might strategy this dialogue in some ways, however I made a decision that the simplest approach to manage the knowledge can be to put in writing a abstract about every one. Though I can merely inform an in depth chronology of occasions, I discover it simpler to recollect info when it’s introduced in relation to particular characters.
Enlil: The Oppressor of Humanity
The position of Enlil in Sumerian mythology could be summed up in a single phrase: oppressor.
Enlil was truly the god who (based on the Atrahas) Unique Textual content) initially commissioned the creation of the human race.
You may assume that might be a superb factor, however the one cause he needed human beings was to have a race that he might enslave to make his selection.
In truth, it was in itself a suggestion of energy among the many gods. Within the Sumerian fantasy (not the Babylonian one, which includes Marduk, as said earlier), a variety of gods are on strike as a result of they’re uninterested in protecting creation.
Enlil proposes to unravel the issue of the strike if he’s appointed supreme ruler of the gods. On this model of the story, it’s he (and never Marduk) who submits Tiamat.
Later, Enlil will get uninterested in the "noise" of humanity and consequently decides to kill all of them with the good flood. As a god of time, it was straightforward for him to do.
This then takes us again to the story of Uttapishtim's epic Gilgamesh, saved by Enki and akin to Noah within the Judeo-Christian model. fable.
Humorous sufficient, Enlil finally ends up overcoming his anger after the flood and decides to make Utnapishtim immortal.
Enki: Champion of Humanity
Now let's speak about Enki, his half-brother. We will summarize the position of Enki as creator and champion of humanity.
Whereas Enlil fights with Tiamat, Enki misses every part as a result of he’s asleep. Fortuitously, his mom Antu, also referred to as "Nammu," is ready to talk with him. She says:
Oh, my son, rise up out of your mattress, out of your (sleep), work what is sensible, Trend servants for the gods, can they produce their (bread?).
Enki wakes up and suggests the creation of a breed of slaves – humanity. Now, you may assume that this was his concept, however in actuality it was Enlil. It was Enlil who spoke to Nammu, who then prompt the thought to Enki.
Enki himself creates human beings from d & # 39; A mix of clay and the blood of the god killed Kingu
If you recognize Greek mythology properly, it’s going to in all probability inform you one thing: Prometheus, the traditional titan, created the humanity from clay. Each work as very comparable numbers. Like Prometheus, Enki tends to defend the pursuits of the human race in battle with the gods.
Returning to the historical past of the floods, Enki was not very pleased when he found that Enlil was contemplating erasing the breed that he had created.
He subsequently took the initiative to warn Utnapishtim. He informed Utnapishtim to construct an ark.
Like Noah, he had been ordered to Utnapishtim to load the animal's bow. Together with his spouse, he preserved life on earth when the flood was unleashed.
After the retreat, he launched the animals to repopulate the planet. As I discussed earlier, Enlil ultimately overcome his indignation and granted immortality to Utnapishtim and his spouse.
The Extraterrestrial Model of the Flood Fable:
You now know the Sumerian and Judeo-Christian variations of creation and myths.
The fashionable alien model was popularized by writer Zecharia Sitchin in volumes reminiscent of The Misplaced Guide of Enki.
The thought is that this: the Anunnaki weren’t gods, or weren’t simply gods – they have been extraterrestrial guests. from deep area. You could have in all probability heard the well-known quote from Arthur C. Clarke, "Any sufficiently superior know-how is indistinguishable from magic," says the underlying assumption that’s to equate the Anunnaki to extraterrestrials.
If historic people encountered beings from one other world, they might describe them. in a language that appeared logical to them on the time. Not having the phrase "extraterrestrials", they might solely seek advice from "gods".
There are numerous parallels and arguments that Sitchin and different theoreticians of the Anunnaki extraterrestrials hint via the texts. There isn’t a method to summarize all of it right here (I recommend consulting the remainder of the articles on our website), however listed here are some key pointers:
- The Anunnaki come from the planet Nibiru.
- They got here to the land to extract gold, which they should gasoline their civilization. They created and enslaved humanity to work exhausting for them.
- All recognized gamers of Sumerian mythology – Enlil, Enki, Anu, Marduk and others – have been in truth alien directors.
- Nibiru is in an extended orbit round him. the solar. The final time he approached Earth, he upset the tides, inflicting the large flood.
- Lastly, Nibiru will come again, inflicting a brand new cataclysm.
Dominant opinion views Sitchin's work with some disdain – however I might say that it’s helpful to think about extraterrestrial historical past as a contemporary mythology. Give it some thought for a second. Even the Sumerian and Babylonian texts are in battle over any seed of fact that may have impressed them. So, sure, there are inconsistencies in Sitchin's extraterrestrial principle – however there are additionally inconsistencies in historic texts.
I might subsequently like to complete with the identical comment that we often return to in our research. I hope you now perceive Enki and Enlil a lot better, in addition to their roles in Sumerian mythology and the anunnaki extraterrestrial fable. You also needs to have a reasonably good concept of how all that is associated to the Judeo-Christian custom.
However I actually hope that your most important conclusion is that this: every model of every story is interpretative. The reality behind the tales is unknown. By gathering what we study from totally different mythologies – historic and trendy – we will start to think about what the finished puzzle may appear to be.
All of those items have worth and all have one thing to inform us about our collective journey as a human being. That’s the reason it’s value protecting an open thoughts!
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