Should you discover the Anunnaki, you will hear so much about two names: Enki and Enlil. Although the Anunnaki myths and legends embrace various "central characters", the motion revolves around these two sibling rivals.
In this article I provides you with an intensive course on the mythology of Enki and Enlil. However it's a posh topic and I don’t need to return with out laying the groundwork. So listed here are the fundamentals, just in case you study all concerning the Anunnaki.
Once we speak concerning the Anunnaki, we’re referring to the traditional gods of Mesopotamia. But relying on what you ask, the Anunnaki may be extraterrestrial guests to a planet referred to as Nibiru, which is in an extended orbit across the sun.
Naturally, the idea of alien area does not unanimity, nevertheless it has been popularized. Zecharia Sitchin, American author of Russian origin. Since he has introduced his ideas to the world, they’ve develop into an inescapable component of in style culture.
I will speak more about Sitchin and his concepts later, but I need to return to Sumerian mythology first. I’ll introduce you to Enki and Enlil and their place in the Mesopotamian pantheon, and then I’ll inform you how they determine within the legend of the floods. I’ll describe how they inspired other mythologies and religions, together with Christianity.
The Sumerian Pantheon and the Fable of Creation
Like many different polytheistic religions, the Sumerian pantheon consists of 39, quite a lot of gods who are all related to each other.
is simpler to describe the shape of this family tree starting with Anu. Anu is also called "An", the grandfather of heaven. He’s the unique supreme deity of the pantheon, lord of all other gods. He loses this place as the Sumerian tale unfolds, transmitting it to Enlil after which to Marduk (in Babylonian tradition).
You’ll discover that Anu shouldn’t be the primary god of the household tree.
His mother and father are two. Primal Gods, Anshar and Kishar. In case you are versed in Greek mythology, you might assume that these primordial gods are a bit just like the titans that preceded the traditional Greek gods. After the Greek gods had overthrown the titans, the significance of the titans fell into the background with regard to the which means of the gods (basically).
The identical is true here: the primordial gods enter into the creation fable of the Sumerians, but are
Again to Anu, the 2 Anu husbands are Antu, the Great Mom of Heaven and Ki, Mom Earth. Both gave him youngsters.
- Ki gave start to Enlil, lord of the airs and earth, keeper of the pill of destinies (for starters), and Nin-khursag, woman of the mountain.
- The kid of Antu was Enki, Lord of the Earth and Waters, also referred to as "Ea".
As you possibly can see, Enlil and Enki are half-brothers. After his delivery, Enlil separated the earth from the sky. At the moment, he and Ki took command of the land, whereas Anu continued to reign in heaven.
What is the pill of destinies?
I’ve just mentioned Enlil because the "guardian of the destiny tablet". It’s a mythological object of the utmost importance. It’s actually imagined to be an engraved clay pill of wedge-shaped colour. Whichever god possessed him, he was thought-about the ruler of the universe.
Notice that "Future Pill" is the right identify of this object. Individuals are typically improper. You possibly can see it wrongly referred to as "Tablets of Destiny". It is a singular object. I’ve additionally seen the document entitled "Desk of Destiny". I do not know what it's all about.
In any case, in response to many texts, Enlil had long been in possession of the pill, which made him supreme ruler of the universe, even exceeding Anu. There’s nevertheless a Sumerian poem entitled "Ninurta and the Turtle" which mentions that Enki possessed the pill.
The tablet modifications arms several occasions, relying on the text you learn. At one level, Tiamat, the dragon queen (on the lookout for her at the prime of the household tree), owns it. She provides it to his wife Kingu, who turns into the commander of his military. Marduk, Enki's son, defeats Tiamat in singular combat, then defeats Kingu by claiming the tablet and his authority. At this point, Marduk turns into the supreme ruler.
Simply to complicate matters, this entire story with Marduk only seems in the Babylonian version of the parable. Within the Sumerian version, Enlil beats Tiamat and reigns supreme.
Genesis of the Flood Fantasy
Sure, I have deliberately titled this part "Genesis of the Flood Fantasy" – not "The Flood Fantasy of the Genesis". When you learn one thing about Anunnaki in the Bible, you in all probability knew it was going to move to that. This is where most of the Anunnaki tales converge. And as you’ll have additionally guessed, Enki and Enlil are important players.
Many people know the parable of floods within the Bible. That is the story of Noah's Ark. Briefly, Yahweh was uninterested in the sins of humanity. Specifically, he was sad with the corruption of humanity by beings referred to as "Nephilim". Think about this passage from the Guide of Jubilees, 7: 21-25:
"21 Due to these three issues, the flood came across the earth, specifically, due to the fornication by which the Watchers towards the regulation of their ordinances prostituted themselves after the daughters of men, and took the wives of all that that they had chosen: they usually made the beginning of the impurity. "
It’s pretty straightforward to equate the" observers "or" Nephilim "with the Anunnaki
I urge you to learn this subject intimately in my article" Who have been the Nephilim? " science and know-how to humanity, however did it to enslave and corrupt them.A miscegenation ensued, leading to a race of demi-gods.
Yahweh selected all the things erase and start once more.
He subsequently suggested Noah to build a terrific ark, Noah charged the ark of two of each animal and laid his household on board.The flood destroyed all animal life and out of doors of the Ark, in addition to (presumably) the fallen angels and Nephilim, Noah's household was capable of repopulate the earth after his touchdown God put a rainbow within the sky as a promise He would never once more decide the earth with another flood.
The Sumerian model: 
The myth of the Sumerian flood is more historic than that of Genesis, which is why I’ve asserted with my title that Sumerian historical past is the genesis of the biblical deluge fable. This conviction is shared by many researchers. It’s believed that quite a lot of historic historic Hebrews have been truly inhabitants of Mesopotamia.
This may have allowed them to understand Sumerian myths and legends and use them as a foundation for their very own religion.
quite a lot of Sumerian texts that exhibit great flooding in a single type or one other. The oldest recognized example is in the epic of Ziusudra. Others embrace the epic of Atrahasis and the well-known epic of Gilgamesh.
The epic of Gilgamesh is the story that the majority intently resembles the newest model of Genesis introduced within the Bible. Apparently, it does not seem to have been included originally in tablets; It was later revealed within the XI tablet by a person impressed by the epic Astrahasis.
I’ll inform you more about Gilgamesh, but I want to speak briefly about Eridu's genesis.
The genesis Eridu was discovered on a fragmentary pill by the historian Thorkild Jacobsen. That is how we discovered the myth of Sumerian creation, which I’ve already shared partially with you.
Because the tablets are fragmentary, it lacks items of history. At first we find that Anu, Enlil, Enki and Nin-Khursag created human beings.
Cities have been based and life is booming.
missing section. After that, we discover that a main damaging flood is about to arrive and the pantheon has decided not to warn humanity nor to do anything to save lots of them.
Enki decides that that is fallacious, so he warns a hero. and informed him that he should build an ark. In Genesis Eridu, this hero is Atra-hasis. Within the more well-known epic of Gilgamesh, it's Utnapishtim.
It’s obvious that the Enlil and Enki stories are deeply rooted in the material of Sumerian legends. These two have performed a task in many various features of the myth. I might strategy this dialogue in some ways, but I decided that the simplest method to manage the knowledge can be to put in writing a summary about every one. Though I can only inform a detailed chronology of events, I find it simpler to recollect info when it’s introduced in relation to particular characters.
Enlil: The Oppressor of Humanity
The position of Enlil in Sumerian mythology could be summed up in one phrase: oppressor.
Enlil was truly the god who (in response to the Atrahas) Unique Text) originally commissioned the creation of the human race.
You may assume that may be a very good thing, however the only cause he needed human beings was to have a race that he might enslave to make his selection.
Actually, it was in itself a suggestion of power among the gods. Within the Sumerian fantasy (not the Babylonian one, which includes Marduk, as said earlier), a lot of gods are on strike as a result of they are uninterested in sustaining creation.
Enlil proposes to unravel the problem of the strike if he is appointed supreme ruler of the gods. On this model of the story, it’s he (not Marduk) who submits Tiamat.
Later, Enlil will get uninterested in the "noise" of humanity and subsequently decides to kill all of them within the Nice Flood. As a god of time, it was straightforward for him.
This then takes us again to the story of Uttapishtim's epic Gilgamesh, saved by Enki and comparable to Noah in the Judeo-Christian model. fable.
Humorous sufficient, Enlil ends up overcoming his anger after the flood and decides to make Utnapishtim immortal.
Enki: Champion of Humanity
Now let's speak about Enki, his half-brother. We will summarize the position of Enki as creator and champion of humanity.
Whereas Enlil is preventing with Tiamat, Enki lacks every little thing because he is asleep. Thankfully, his mother Antu, also referred to as "Nammu," is able to talk with him. She says:
Oh my son, rise up out of your mattress, from your (sleep), work what is sensible, Trend servants for the gods, can they produce their (bread?).
Enki wakes up and suggests the creation of a race of slaves – humanity. Now, you may assume that it was his concept, however in actuality it was Enlil. It was Enlil who spoke to Nammu, who then recommended the thought to Enki.
Enki himself creates human beings from d & # 39; A mix of clay and the blood of the god killed Kingu.
If you realize Greek mythology properly, it’ll in all probability inform you one thing: Prometheus, the traditional titan, created humanity out of clay. Each work as very comparable numbers. Like Prometheus, Enki tends to defend the interests of the human race in conflict with the gods.
Returning to the historical past of the floods, Enki was not very glad when he found that Enlil had the intention of eliminating the race that he had. he had created.
He subsequently took the initiative to warn Utnapishtim. He informed Utnapishtim to construct an ark.
Like Noah, he had been ordered to Utnapishtim to load the animal's bow. Together with his spouse, he preserved life on earth when the flood was unleashed.
After the retreat, he launched the animals to repopulate the planet. As I mentioned earlier, Enlil finally overcame his outrage and granted immortality to Utnapishtim and his spouse.
The Extraterrestrial Version of the Flood Fable:
You now know the Sumerian and Judeo-Christian versions of creation and myths.
The fashionable extraterrestrial model was popularized by writer Zecharia Sitchin in volumes akin to The Lost Guide of Enki.
The thought is this: the Anunnakis weren’t gods or were not just gods – they have been extraterrestrial visitors from far-off area. You've in all probability heard the famous quote from Arthur C. Clarke, "Any sufficiently superior know-how is inseparable from magic," asserts the underlying assumption that’s to equate the Anunnaki to extraterrestrials.
If historic people encountered beings from one other world, they might describe them. in a language that appeared logical to them on the time. Since they did not know the word "extraterrestrials", they simply went with the "gods".
There are lots of parallels and arguments that Sitchin and other theoreticians of the Anunnaki extraterrestrials hint via the texts. There isn’t a option to summarize all of it here (I recommend consulting the remainder of the articles on our website), but listed here are some key pointers:
- The Anunnaki come from the planet Nibiru.
- They came to the land to extract gold, which they need to gasoline their civilization. They created and enslaved humanity to work arduous for them.
- All recognized gamers of Sumerian mythology – Enlil, Enki, Anu, Marduk and the others – have been in truth extraterrestrial administrators.
- Nibiru is in an extended orbit round him. the sun. The last time he approached Earth, he upset the tides, inflicting the large flood.
- Finally, Nibiru will come back, causing one other cataclysm.
Dominant opinion views Sitchin's work with some disdain – however I might argue that it helps to think about extraterrestrial historical past as a contemporary mythology. Think about it for a second. Even the Sumerian and Babylonian texts are in battle over any seed of fact that may have impressed them. So, sure, there are inconsistencies in Sitchin's extraterrestrial concept – however there are additionally inconsistencies within the historic texts.
I might subsequently like to finish with the identical comment that we often return to with our analysis. I hope you now understand Enki and Enlil a lot better and their roles in Sumerian mythology and the anunnaki extraterrestrial fantasy. You also needs to have a reasonably good concept of how all of this is associated to the Judeo-Christian custom.
But I actually hope that your fundamental conclusion is that this: each version of every story is interpretative. The reality behind the stories is unknown. By gathering what we study from totally different mythologies – historic and trendy – we will start to imagine what the finished puzzle may seem like.
All of those items have value and all have something to inform us about our collective journey as a human being. That's why it's helpful to maintain an open mind!
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